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General Commercial Floor Maintenance Procedures

Over the years, we’ve had people ask about how to mop wood floors and how to mop tile floors. This general floor maintenance article discusses how to mop a wood floor, how to mop a tile floor, or even simply just how to mop a floor and more.

Grit From Dirt Destroys Carpet and Floors

Foot traffic grinds grit into the floor and destroys the floor’s finish. Preventing this is simple (but easier said than done), just keep your floors clean at all times.

Sweeping is Quick, Cheap and Easy

Depending on foot traffic and overall conditions, sweep as often as necessary to keep dirt, sand, ice melt and debris from being ground into the floor. Keeping the floors swept will also increase the safety of your employees and patrons while maintain a neat appearance.

Choose the Right Broom

The following is a brief overview of filler materials:

  • Tampico

    • Tampico is a vegetable fiber obtained from Agava plants in Mexico. It is shipped from Tampico, Mexico and gets its name from that. Tampico is used primarily as a counter brush and dry floors.
  • Palmyra

    • Palmyra is a vegetable fiber from India and adjacent islands. It’s usually a cinnamon color and has medium stiffness and is water resistant. Palmyra is durable and good for scrubbing.
  • Horsehair

    • Horsehair usually comes from Argentina. Its price increases with length and stiffness of the hairs. Usually soft, but it may be blended with other fibers to a moderate stiffness. Horsehair is usually white, black or grey. It’s used as counter brushes, window and radiator brushes as well as brooms.
  • Nylon

    • Nylon is a man made filament available in a wide range of thicknesses (.003”-.080”) with straight or crimped strands in a variety of lengths. Nylon resists chemicals and water. It’s used pure or blended with other materials in many different applications
  • Plastic

    • Plastic comes in many varieties, with unique properties. Polypropylene and polystyrene are most commonly used. Plastic is used in almost every kind of broom and brush application.
  • Flagging

    • Flagging is a process of shaving ends of the fibers so it will sweep up fine particles.

Mop and Scrub to Remove what the Broom Might Have Missed

Keep wet spills and other residue from doing further damage by wet mopping, auto scrubbing, or simply agitating with a stiff brush and squeegee into a floor drain.

Use Proper Chemicals

Use the proper chemicals for your flooring material and the type of soils that you’re cleaning. Mix the chemicals with water just strong enough to clean the soils. You don’t want to leave any kind of chemical residue that will attract dirt. Chemicals that are mixed too strong will leave a residue. Read the label. Chemicals that are prone to leaving a residue are pine oils & quaternary disinfectants.

Avoid using bleach and bleach-based products! Bleach, acids and strong alkalis are destructive to floor finish. Try to use products that are non-abrasive and neutral pH.

Establish a floor maintenance program that includes sealing your floors, scrub & recoating of floor finish and regular buffing/burnishing.

Contact us to discuss your situation. We can help!

10 Helpful Resources

  1. What is Tampico?
  2. Broom and Brush Filler Materials
  3. Floor Machine Brush Selection Guide
  4. What is Palmyra?
  5. Is Real Horse Hair Used to Make Cleaning Brushes?
  6. How is Nylon Used in Commercial Brooms and Brushes?
  7. What is Abrasive Impregnated Nylon?
  8. What is Conductive Nylon?
  9. Is Nylon-AS Bristle Anti-Static?
  10. What Types of Plastic Brush and Broom Bristles are Available?