We Use the Right Tools for the Job
We Often Refer to This List of Filler Materials Found in Most Brooms and Brushes
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Tampico is a vegetable fiber obtained from Agava plants in Mexico. It is shipped from Tampico, Mexico and gets its name from that. Used primarily as a counter brush and dry floors. The color is off-white, but is usually dyed to black or dark brown. Tampico can be used either wet or dry and has a high absorbency rate with poor “bend recovery”. It’s heat, alkali and acid resistant and slightly abrasive in nature.
Bassine is made from the stalks of the leaves from the faw palm. The fibers are dried and usually dyed brown, cut to size and bundled. It is mostly used in deck scrubs and garage and street brooms.
Palmyra is a vegetable fiber from India and adjacent islands. It’s usually a cinnamon color and has medium stiffness and is water resistant. It is good for scrubbing and durable.
Horsehair is usually from Argentina. Price increases with length and stiffness of the hairs. Usually soft, but may be blended with other fibers to a moderate stiffness. Usually white, black or grey. Used as counter brushes, window and radiator brushes as well as brooms. It works well for sweeping polished surfaces, dusting, flux removal and general cleanup and is non-conductive.
Bristle is the hair that comes from a hog, swine, pig sow or boar. Bristle is resilient and it is the stiffest natural material available. It works well when dealing with tough sticky materials or viscous fluids. It is non conductive but will generate less static than synthetic materials.
Soft Hair is usually goat hair, ox ear hair, Japanese pony belly hair and badger hair. Soft hairs are very expensive and are used in applications where very soft material is needed and marring is not allowed.
Nylon is a man made filament available in a wide range of thicknesses (.003”-.080”) with straight or crimped strands in a variety of lengths. The most widely used and versatile fiber used today, nylon resists chemicals and water. Used pure or blended with other materials in many different applications, nylon is highly durable because of its high abrasion resistance and bend recovery. There are 3 grades of nylon available in the U.S.: the higher grade the less the water absorption.
Abrasive Impregnated Nylon
Abrasive Impregnated Nylon has abrasive filaments that are produced by extruding nylon with silicon carbide or aluminum oxide grit throughout each filament. As the filament abrades and wears down new aggregate keeps getting exposed. Both silicon carbide and aluminum oxide grits are generally available. Silicon carbide is harder and sharper than aluminum oxide and is preferred for finishing ferrous metals. Aluminum oxide grit is less likely to fracture and is preferred for finishing soft metals. Abrasive impregnated nylon has many uses for surface finishing on metal or wood. It is also used for roughing up surfaces for laminating.
Conductive Nylon has an electrically conductive carbon suffused onto the surface. This coating is durable but not indestructible. In abrasive applications it wears at about the same rate as the rest of the fiber. Its conductivity is unaffected by humidity and solvents, except strong acids and will not crack off during flexing. When using the conductive fiber, it is necessary to have a conductive path from the fiber to ground.
Nylon-AS (Anti-Static) reduces the problem of static electricity by adding an anti static agent composed of hydrophilic and hydrophobic segments. This provides a rapid dissipation of static charge faster than standard nylon filaments. Anti static materials inhibit or reduce the generation of static. Conductive materials with a proper ground remove the static charge.
Thunderon is a unique fiber that has become the effective choice for the elimination and control of static electricity. Thunderon is an acrylic fiber with an electrical conductive layer of copper sulphide, which produces an unsurpassed corona discharge effect. When this conductive fiber nears the surface of static charged material, it will ionize the air, which acts as a carrier of electrons away from the charged materials. It can be mixed with other materials to reduce cost or increase stiffness.
Plastic comes in many varieties, with unique properties. Polypropylene and polystyrene are most commonly used. Used in almost every kind of broom and brush application. A common synthetic filament used in a variety of applications. Polypropylene is lower cost than nylon and it is fungus resistant. It does not have the “bend recovery” that nylon has or nylon’s abrasion resistance. Polypropylene has excellent stiffness when wet and is inert to most solvents, oils, acids or chemicals and is fungus resistant.
Polyester is used in some applications where it is exposed to sunlight or solvents. It has better abrasion resistance than polypropylene, but not as goods as nylon. It also has excellent bend recovery, excellent solvent resistance and excellent oxidation resistance at high temperature. The properties of polyester do not change significantly between wet and dry applications because it does not absorb much water.
Teflon is a rarely used material because of its softness and tendency to bend and not return to its original position. Teflon is exceptionally stable to heat and chemicals and is unaffected by strong caustic, sulfuric acid, hydrofluoric acid and solvents such as aliphatic and aromatic hydrocarbons, alcohols, esters, ketones and ethers.
Stainless Steel is available in 3 types, T-302, T-304 and T-316 with tensile strength, fatigue strength and high corrosion resistance. Stainless steel is available in .003″ dia. for burnishing and removal. Stainless steel is used to prevent harmful ferrous deposits on brushed parts and is aggressive in larger diameters.
Steel Wire is made of carbon steel and it is available in high carbon and low carbon depending on your application. Carbon steel wire is used where stainless steel wire or higher cost is not needed. Steel wire is very aggressive.
Brass Wire is generally comprised of 70% copper and 30% zinc. Brass Wire is highly conductive and corrosive resistant and non-sparking.
Phosphor Bronze is generally comprised of 95% copper and 5″ tin. The addition of tin to copper effectively increases the fatigue strength. Phosphor bronze is corrosion resistant, has good fatigue life, has high electric conductivity, low elastic modulus and high tensile strength; making is an excellent product for wire brushes.
Nickel Silver is generally comprised of 10% nickel, 65% copper and 25% zinc. The addition of nickel increases tensile strength along with corrosion resistance, making this a good product for use as wire brush fill material.
Beryllium Copper is generally comprised of 98% copper, 2% beryllium. Beryllium copper has exceptional strength, thermal and electrical conducting and outstanding wear resistance.
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